The red wine – benefits and disadvantages

       Subject of endless medical debates, the importance of red wine for health seems to be finally established: the consumption of 1-2 glases daily reduces the mortality by preventing the coronary heart disease. However, it is still an alcoholic drink, and the lack of measurement can lead to serious problems.

       The natural wine, rich in sugars, organic acids, glycerol, phenol compounds, amino acids, vitamins – A, B1, B2, PP – and mineral salts, provides a highly nutritional intake and mineralizing for the body. Therefore, the wine has always been recommended for it’s antianemic, restorative, refreshing and energizing properties.

Good parts:

The antioxidants:
       The red wine contains antioxidants, especially resveratrol, which is found in grape skins and seeds. The importance of antioxidans is long known , they fight free radicals and this way protects healthy cells and slows down aging process.
Prevents heart attack:
       Resveratrol has an important role in blood thining. It works quickly, preventing the platelets (cells involved in blood clotting) to stick together.Through this mechanism, the resveratrol can prevent heart attack.
       Consumed with moderation, as medicine, red wine decreases the risk of heart attacks in elderly people, with aproximately 30-50%. For people who have already suffered a heart attack, the red wine has the power to prevent another attack. Red wine can increase the amount of HDL (the good cholesterol) and prevents LDL (the bad cholesterol). The studies have reported that people who regularly and moderately comsume red wine, presents a lower risk of being diagnosed with cardiovascular disease. The moderate consumption of red wine reduces inflammation of chronic smokers blood vessels, prevents blood clots and reduces vessel damage caused by fat deposits.
It helps digestion:
       It was noticed that the natural, untreated red wine helps digestion and prevents bloating. A glass of red wine, after a meal rich in meat and fats, helps the evacuation of waste from intestine, thus reducing the risk of gastric or duodenal ulcer.
Skin Care:
       Also, red wine is ideal for skin care. The resveratrol from its composition helps the skin to remain young and firm, protecting it from free radicals and delaying the appearance of wrinkles. To enjoy an extra of beauty and freshness at skin level, add each time in the bath watter, one or two glasses of red wine.
Prevents breast cancer:
       The red wine prevents and keep the breast cancer under control. The scientists at Harvard University have found that women who drink two glasses of red wine per day have a 50% lower chances to suffer from breast cancer, while specialists from the university of Calabria, Italy, found that women who have already been diagnosed with this disease can keep it under control if they drink a glass of red wine every day.
Phytoestrogen effects:
       The resveratrol is a phytoestrogen. There are certain herbs that can play the estrogen role in organism, by having similar effects. Thus, it was sugested that red wine can combat some problems caused by lack of estrogen, such as osteoporosis or premature menopause. However, these assumpsions have not been proven yet. For those who do not like red wine, the good news is that the resveratrol is also found in peanuts, blueberries and rosehips.

Bad parts:

       It’s sad but true, women are more exposed than men at risks caused by alcohol. But the negative aspects of wine are mainly related to the amount of alcohol swallowed, not the particularities of red wine itself, with one exception:
The headache caused by red wine: This pain is caused by tannin, a chemical responsible for the red color and strong taste of red wine. This chemical is usually found in grape skins, so it is less common in the case of white wine. The tannin can cause migraines to those who suffer from this, or can cause headaches even to people without such problems. The sensitivity to tannin varies from person to person.
       Other problems are related to the amount of alcohol present in red wine. This can vary from 10% to 15%.
The calories from alcohol:
       Situated among the smallest problems caused by alcohol, the problem of calories is still noteworthy for those who watch their silhouette. A 125 ml glass contains about 80 calories, so do not overlook it. The most appropriate in terms of silhouette is dry white wine because it is the poorest in protein and calories.
       The alcohol in large quantities reduces concentration and attention, it slows down brain activity and blocks the reflexes. Its unlucky contribution is felt in all kind of accidends, especially road accidents.
        Never mix alcohol with medicinal products, no matter what kind of medicine is it. The reason is simple: the alcohol is metabolised in the liver and may interfere with the action of drugs in undesired circumstances. The combination of sleeping pills and drinking is especially dangerous.

Serious diseases:
       The health problems associated with alcohol primarily binds to excessively or regular use.

The negative healts consequences includes:

  • destruction of liver (cirrhosis);
  • Osteoporosis;
  • Risk of cancer of various tipes: neck, liver, esophagus;
  • High blood pressure;
  • Stomach ulcers;
  • Damage to the heart muscle;
  • Acute and chronic pancreatits;
  • High level of triglycerides (a type of fat that circulates through blood);
  • Obesity;

However, what “drinking with measure” means?
       The advice to drink in moderation is good sense. The accepted amount of alcohol differs between U.S and Europe. In U.S the proposed limit is one drink per day for women and two for men, while in European countries, women can drink between 2-3 glasses a dayand men 3-4. However, each person should set their own limits, to drink for pleasure and in reasonable quantities without being subject to any health risk.

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